Make your own free website on Tripod.com
Setting up X

There are many ways to do this.  Two are explained below.  The first way is my personal favorate but can cause the system to stop responding if your vedio card doesn't like being probed.  The second way is a failsafe way.  Both ways assume you have a basic video card.  For some cards there are specific instuctions you should follow.  Research before you start.

Either way, before you start make sure you have:
- Video card info.  model/chipset and ram.
- Monitor HorizSync and VertRefresh

1.  Using the XFree86 utility.

Build initial configuration file for X.
    #XFree86 -configure
This creates /root/XF86Config.new  or locks up your system in which case go to the second method.

If successfull we will now need to edit this new file.
We'll need to edit two sections, the first is 'monitor

Section "Monitor"
    Identifier    "leave unchanged"
    VendorName   "leave unchanged"
    ModelName   "leave unchanged"
    HorizSync    30-70   # input your values here.
    VertRefresh    50-120   # input your values here
End Section

and the second is "Screen"

Section "Screen"
    Identifier    "leave unchanged"
    Device    "leave unchanged"
    Monitor    "leave unchanged"
    DefaultDepth  15  # Choose your colour depth.
    SubSection "Display"
        Depth 15
        Modes  "1024x768"  #set your mode in the correct Display Depth
    EndSubSection
EndSection

Now save and quit the editor.  Time to test the configuration file:
    # XFree86 -xf86config /root/XF86Config.new

If you get a black & grey grid and a X mouse cursor, it worked.
Press Ctrl+Alt+Backspace to exit and read the screen for errors (EE)

If all is good move\copy the file to /etc/X11/XF86Config

2. Using xf86config  (My card crashed during probe)

/usr/X11R6/bin/xf86config
This is covered in detail in the handbook.  Make sure you make the changes above before you test.

Adding Fonts

You can add a number of different fonts so that X displays fonts a little nicer.
Check the /usr/ports/x11-fonts directory.

Adding some type 1 fonts
    # cd /usr/ports/x11-fonts/urwfonts
    # make install

Now edit /etc/X11/XF86Config, under the section "files" add
Section "Files"
    FontPath    "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/URW"
EndSection

Save and quit editor

XF86 v4 also supports truetype fonts.  See the handbook.

Window Manager

Time to choose a windows manager.  
FreeBSD comes with many window managers/desktop environments including
KDE
XFce
GNOME
fvwm
Windowmaker
and the list goes on...

Pick your favorate and use the package or the port to install.

Try windowmaker using package:
pkg_add -r windowmaker

Now su - name.added.during.install
The "su -" will put you into your users environment.  you should be in there home dir.
create ~/.xinitrc
add
exec /usr/X11R6/bin/wmaker

Now the user can start a windowing session from the command line using "startx"


You could use a graphical login using XDM or KDM if you want.


Next BIND
Index